Heart disorders induced by high blood pressure are referred to as hypertensive heart disease. Different cardiac problems are caused by the heart functioning under more significant strain. Heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other disorders are symptoms of hypertensive heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease can be dangerous to one’s health. High blood pressure is the leading cause of death. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women in the world. AED is made for such a reason. If you have sudden cardiac arrest or a heart patient, an AED machine must be with you all the time. It saves your life in a cardiac arrest.
Different Types of Hypertensive Heart Disease
Atherosclerosis (Narrowing Of the Arteries)
Coronary arteries are vessels that carry blood to the heart muscle. When blood arteries narrow due to high blood pressure, blood flow to the heart might halt or stop. Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary artery disease, is the name given to this ailment. CHD makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body’s organs. A blood clot that gets caught in one of the constricted arteries and shuts off blood supply to your heart might put you at risk for a heart attack.
The Heart Becomes Thicker and Larger
Your heart has a hard time pumping blood if you have high blood pressure. Regular strenuous exertion encourages your heart muscles to thicken and expand, much like other muscles in your body. The heart’s function is altered as a result of this. The left ventricle, the heart’s primary pumping chamber, is where these alterations typically occur. Left ventricular hypertrophy is the medical term for this condition (LVH). CHD and vice versa can cause LVH. Your heart has to work harder when you have CHD. The coronary arteries may be compressed if LVH enlarges your heart.
CHD and LVH can both cause:
Heart failure occurs when your heart cannot pump enough blood to the rest of your body; arrhythmia occurs when your heart beats irregularly, and ischemic heart disease occurs when you are deprived of oxygen.
A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is disrupted, and the heart muscle dies due to a lack of oxygen.
Your heart stops functioning, you stop breathing, and you lose consciousness in a sudden cardiac arrest.
Sudden death and stroke
In the United States, about 75 million persons have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension. One out of every three adults falls under this category. Hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or more (pressure when your heart is pounding) or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher (pressure between pumps). Most doctors will start medicinal treatment and lifestyle adjustments at this stage. Medication is started significantly sooner in people with diabetes and people with heart or renal disorders.
Pre-hypertensive individuals have a systolic blood pressure of 120 to 139 mm Hg and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 mm Hg. Pre hypertensive people must adjust their lifestyles. The treatment objective is to lower blood pressure to less than 120/80 mm Hg. Stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and retinal illnesses of the eye, peripheral artery disease, and kidney damage are all reduced due to this. According to studies, blood pressure medication decreases the risk of stroke by 35 to 40%, myocardial infarction by 20 to 25%, and heart failure by more than 50%.
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