Here are some pros and cons of room only purifiers

Here are some pros and cons of room only purifiers

Advantages

Often cheaper than whole house alternatives

Generally don’t require professional installation

Don’t require a forced-air HVAC system for operation

Portable

Disadvantages

Take up space in living area

Often noisy

Generally don’t work as well at lower(and quieter) speed settings

Occasionally produce smells

Whole House

These systems usually hook into your forced air HVAC system, using its fans and ducts to draw air in to the purification unit. Most systems are installed into your HVAC ducting.

The price and complexity of whole house purifiers range from cheap, doityourself filters that simply replace the standard furnace filter; to expensive systems requiring professional installation and costing hundreds. Some of the priciest systems are freestanding self-powered units that rely upon ducting but operate independent of the HVAC system.

Advantages

Quieter than room only systems

Doesn’t take up space in your living area

Ideally situated, as HVAC ducting is often a prime source of air pollutants, mold, dust etc

Disadvantages

Often expensive

Critics claim that whole house systems don’t target specific rooms as well as a room air purifier

Generally require a forced air system

Usually don’t work when HVAC is off

4. Learn the Different Methods of Purification

Air purifiers can use many processes in their operation, many of which target certain pollutants while missing others. Some excel at getting rid of particulates such as dust and pollen but miss gaseous pollutants such as carbon monoxide. Others only target viruses or bacteria. And some don’t really target anything at all. i.e. some don’t work!

Common types include:

Media/HEPA Filters

These systems trap particulate matter through the use of physical filters. The majority of legitimate purification systems incorporate some kind of media filter technology. The most effective of these are HEPA or High Efficiency Particulate Absorbing filters which are so effective in cleaning the air of particulate matter that they’re used in hospitals and other facilities that depend on sterile air.

Advantages

Excellent at catching particulate pollutants

Many of the top performing purifiers are of this type

Require little maintenance

Often increase in effectiveness as they are used

Disadvantages

The more effective filters block airflow and thus can reduce efficiency of HVAC systems

Replacing filters can be pricey

Filters that incorporate an electrostatic charge will quickly lose efficiency

Media filters can be hotbeds for bacteria

Ionizers

These purifiers pump ions into the air. The ions transfer their charges to airborne particles causing them to attach to walls or other surfaces and thus taking them out of the air. The process might sound bogus but it actually does work. Unfortunately it also has the side effect of creating ozone, a toxic gas that can exacerbate asthma and which also happens to be the main component of smog.

Advantages

Quiet

Often Effective

Generally more affordable to maintain than HEPA systems. (No filters to replace)

Disadvantages

Produces ozone

Ionization results in pollutants clinging to home surfaces, which can eventually lead to a blackening of those areas.

UV Lamps

These purification systems consist of UV lamps, which work by irradiating germs with lethal doses of ultra-violet radiation. They are designed solely to kill germs however and thus should only be used in addition to a filter system.

Warning: While all UV lamps generate ozone as a bi-product of their cleaning process, some are designed specifically to generate ozone. These should be avoided.

Advantages

Effective in killing biological contaminants

Affordable and require little maintenance

Disadvantages

Only kill germs

May produce ozone which assists in destroying viruses and bacteria but which can also prove harmful to humans

Whole house UV lamp systems require professional installation as improper installation can result in damage to eyesight

Gas Filters

These filters use activated carbon or other substances to trap volatile organic compounds and other gaseous pollutants. They can be effective when used in conjunction with a particle filter. They tend to be found more in industrial and commercial applications than in homes. In residences these filters are often found in combination with a HEPA style filter in high-end purifiers.

Advantages

The best way to filter gaseous pollutants from your air

Disadvantages

These filters often can only target certain types of gasses

Cheaper residential models are often not effective

Ozone Based Air Purifiers

The villains of the air purification world, ozone producing air purifiers intentionally produce ozone gas due to its ability to neutralize pollutants of all types including bacteria, VOC’s and particulate matter such as dust and pollen. It can also eliminate unwanted odors.

In residential situations however these systems are largely ineffective due to the lower levels of ozone used, furthermore they can prove harmful to residents as ozone has been linked to respiratory problems. Most reputable experts and publications advise that ozone air purifiers not be used in residences. California has gone so far as to ban them.

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Written by Naveed Iqbal

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