Starting Points : Organum, a genre of vocal music originating from Gregorian chant in the late Middle Ages, has its origins in Gregorian chant. With several independent parts, this was probably the first example of polyphonic vocal music in Europe, laying the groundwork for Renaissance choral music. The motet, a form of Latin religious music, and the mass, a type of sacred composition mainly based on Liturgy settings, were both popular during this time period, and both were often composed for an a cappella ensemble.
Baroque period : There was more touch between vocalists and instrumentalists as the late Renaissance gave way to the early Baroque era. Baroque music is now widely studied, performed, and listened to, and it comprises a significant portion of the canon of “classical choral music.” J. S. Bach is regarded as one of the most well-known Baroque composers.
Classical Compositions : Composers were preoccupied with the prospect of instrumental and symphonic music during the Classical period, but choral works were never far from. With an archbishop as his patron, Mozart composed a number of excellent sacred choral works, especially masses. His Coronation Mass and Great Mass are widely regarded as highlights of his work, but his Requiem Mass is perhaps the most well-known.
Romance : Composers adapted pre-existing forms for more contemporary uses as the church’s influence waned in the nineteenth century. Beethoven used choral texture to bring weight to his secular works, perhaps most notably in his Ninth Symphony. Another outstanding example of Beethoven’s choral composition is the cantata Calm Sea and a Prosperous Voyage.